How long did it take?

The MarineLives project team is sifting its growing corpus of English Admiralty Court transcriptions to build a date driven database of events.  We are entering all events to which a clear day, month and year can be assigned, or at least a clear month and year, in combination with a geographical location.

The database is tool to finding individual records and groups of records of interest. For example, all ships in the 1650s Admiralty Court records trading with the Canaries, or all ships carrying coals to various English and continental ports. 

We are building the database in Access, but are prototyping it in Excel. It is work in progress, and will grow and change over the next few months.  But already it has value as a navigational aid and as an analytical tool.

Example: Sailing times

The following figures present sample travel times for ships making voyages between named ports.  In several cases, where ships have been seized near a port on a specific date, this has been used as a proxy for the port itself.

Sample_1650s_Short_Travel_Times_220514

The data are real, but should be understood as illustrative, since at this stage of building the database few port to port routes have more than one or two timed examples.

The duration of voyages varied considerably with weather conditions, with the season, and with the need to wait for convoys during times of warfare.  We do not suggest that the individual voyage lengths between ports are averages for the period, and hope to explore the variability and drivers of variability as the database grows.

Sample_1650s_Long_Travel_Times_220514

The impact of adverse weather can be seen in the second figure, for longer distance voyages, in which the London to Dublin voyage in 1654 of the ship the Unitie took place in very adverse conditions, as did the following leg from Dublin. The ship had been intended for Barbados, but was diverted in desperate weather conditions to the island of Antego. The traumatic ninety nine day voyage resulted in the abandonment of the ship on the island.

Unitie_Summary_Sheet_220514

Data accuracy and specificity

Admiralty Court witnesses were frequently asked to confirm the day, or at least month, of the departure and arrival of their ships at various ports, and of other events of significance to the court case. These other events might include the dates on which the crew entered full pay, the dates the lading or unlading of goods commenced, and the date of the seizure of a ship.

Their answers varied in specificity, according to how distant the events are in time, and whether they had an aide memoire to refer to.  Masters, master’s mates, pursers, boatswaines, quarter masters, and passengers all mention the keeping of written records, whether they be log books, journals, or goods entry books.

Occasionally the dates of specific events are recalled differently by different witnesses, or the events and dates are contested.  In these cases we are capturing the variation in dates and in the characterisation of the events in our database.

Old style/new style dates

Witnesses often distinguished between “old style” and “new style” dates. We are adjusting “old style dates” by calendar year, so that February 1656 “old style” becomes February 1657 in the database.  For the moment we are recording “new style dates” (which were ten days out from the “old style” date) as they are given, without yet making the ten day adjustment.

 

The Admiralty Court and the Spanish West Indies

The MarineLives project team is experimenting with maps as a portal into English Admiralty Court data, and we would welcome your feedback and participation.

We have mapped some of the Admiralty Court cases in the late 1650s which deal with ships and locations in the Spanish West Indies.

View HCA_Spanish_West_Indies_1653-1659 in a larger map in a separate window.

The map contains locations for the ships the Mayflower (1648), the Lady of Conquest (1655-56), the Hope (1657-58), the Nicholas (1658), and the Saint John (1658).

 

 

 

 

 

Each of the ships is distinguished by a different coloured map pin, which is clickable, and which will reveal basic information about the case and deposition in which the ship’s location is mentioned. 

A prominent link will take you to the textual data which can then be browsed and searched.

The Mayflower (1648) was an English ship, owned by Samuell Vassall and company, and commanded by Captain Jacket. It made an agreement with the Spanish merchant don Louis da Chavez  to carry slaves under a Spanish licence, to be disembarked at the port of New Barcelona (on the coast of what is now Venezuela). John Kilvert, a 68 year old London merchant, had interpreted in the Admiralty court in 1651 for five Spaniards. These men had been at New Barcelona in 1648, and had witnessed the dealings of Captain Jacket with the governor of the city, and with the governor of San Domingo on Hispaniola. Despite the confirmation of the licence in San Domingo, the Advocate for the King of Spain in New Barcellona accused Jacket of possessing a false licence and dispatches. The Mayflower and its cargo of slaves was seized and Captain Jacket put in chains.

The Lady of Conquest (1655-56) was a “permission ship,” that is a Spanish ship which was allegedly licensed by the Portuguese governour of Angola and by the King of Spain to trade from Angola to Cartagena and other parts of the Spanish West Indies. The trade involved carrying “Blackmores, slaves and other merchandizes and bartering the same in the West Indies, and retourning hides, tobaccoes, tortoise shells, and plate thense to Angola.” The ship left Cadiz for Angola under the command of John Rodrigues da Calderon, where it loaded slaves. The 32 year old Portuguese merchant, Antonio da ffonseca ffranca, travelled on the ship with 50 slaves on the ship for his own account, which, together with other goods, he sold at Cartagena and purchased ” fourtie nine  potaccoes of tobaccoe, six hundred sixtie and three hides, and  foure chests of tortois shells.” These goods were intended for the Angolan market. Yet, at Cartagena, the local Spanish governor seized the Lady of Conquest for naval service, forcing da ffonseca ffranca to look for alternatives. In the absence of another ship bound for Angola, he loaded his goods on the Virgin Mary and All Saints of Cartagena, bound for Cadiz. The ship was later seized by the English and a legal dispute took place over the status of da ffonseca ffranca’s goods.

The Nicholas (1656) was captained by a Dutch man, Claes Johnson. When stopped by the English naval ship, the Maidstone ffrigott, Johnson claimed to have come from Curacao, which was in the possession of the States of the United Netherlands. The 40 year old carpenter on the Nicholas, Lawrence Peet from Wapping, spilled the beans to the Admiralty court, commenting  “this deponent knoweth [Curacao] was false for that he well knoweth shee came from Santo Domingo in Hispaniola whence this deponent came in her”

The Hope (1657-58) was an an Anglo-Portuguese/Jewish-Irish (and possibly Dutch) financed adventure which sailed from Amsterdam to the Spanish West Indies, masquerading as a Spanish ship. Many of the London merchants , both English and Portuguese-Jews, had previously been involved in the Canary trade. At the time of setting out the Hope the Canary trade was officially closed to the English due to war with the Spanish, though in practice it was still partially open in the late 1650s. The English merchant, John Page (known for his published commercial correspondence), was one of the setters out of the Hope.

John Mendez (a twenty-five year old Spaniard from La Palma in the Canaries hired as assistant to the Spanish captain) stated that “Mr Page, Mr Painter and Mr dunkin are English men and inhabitating merchants of this citie”, whereas “Mr Antonio ffernandez Caravajall, and Mr Antonio Rodriguez Robles alsoe merchants of this citie and reputed Portugueses, but Mr ffernandez is there indenizened.”[1] Though not stated by Mendez, we know from separate HCA and other sources that both Caravajall and Robles were Jews.  Augusti Coronel deposes in a case regarding a colourable adventure to the Canaries from London that “the said Robles his wife is alsoe a Portuguese, and is of her husbands religion, namely an Hebrew or Jew.”[2] The Jewish identity of the prominent London merchant, Antonio Fernandez Caravajal, with Portuguese and Canary Island connections, is well established and reported in the secondary literature.[3] As to the two Amsterdam partners, one was of Irish birth, and the other of unknown birth. Mendez reported  that John Tilly was “an Irishman borne but living in Amsterdam where alsoe liveth the said John Chanterwell”, but, whilst Chanterwell “hath formerly lived long in London, but whose countrey man he is this deponent knoweth not.”[4]

The Hope carried masters of both Spanish and Dutch origin, and a mixed crew including Spanish, Dutch, Irish and diverse others.  At Trinidad the Spanish captain “for a greate summe of money obtained a passe from the Governour of that place signifying that the said shipp was of and came from Spaine,” and was bound for Comana on the coast of modern Venezuela. The ship spent considerable time in the Spanish West Indies, trading at Comana, at Truxilla (on the coast of modern Honduras), and stopping off at Matenas on Cuba for water. The ship intended to return to Amsterdam to dispose of the Spanish goods, but was seized by the English near Lundy Island. In a scrabble to rejig the ship as an English, not a Spanish ship, all Spanish papers and clothes were hidden in the hold. A 17 year old Dutch sailor on the ship testified that the captain gave him “a bundle of papers and bidd him hide them in his bosoum or otherwise, and rather than they should be seene to make them away by burning or otherwise and this deponent tooke them and but them betweene his doublet and body at his breast, and afterwards this deponent put them in the drawer or under a table in the cabbin, and there left them.”

The Saint John (1658) was a Dutch vessel “commissionated by the Governour of Merida in the said Bay and Countrie of Campechia by authority and in the name of the king of Spaine.” Our informant is Henry Hendrickson “of Meppin in the Jurisdiction of Munster in Germania Mariner aged 22. yeares,” who was one of the company of the Saint Katherine aka the Kate), a ship seized by the Saint John in the Bay of Campechia, off the modern Venezuelan coast. Hendrickson showed some initiative when faced with crisis. Shortly before the capture of the Kate, the Kate had itself captured a Spanish vessel, the Saint Anthony, on which he was aboard. Pursued by the Saint John, the Saint Anthony ran ashore in the Bay of Campechia: ” where this examinate and others of the Companie
of the said shipp Kate then on board her did desert her,” and in order to make their escape “betaking themselves to two Canoes were surprized and taken by a Spanish shallopp, and brought prisoners to Campechia towne.” The mixed identity of the crew of the Saint John is striking, Hendrickson reporting that “all the officers of the said shipp the Saint John were Spaniards, saving onley the Gunner which was a dutchman, and that saving the said Gunner, and about six or seaven dutchmen more, all the shipps Crew did consist of Spaniard.”

Credits

Many thanks to Giovanni Colavizza, University Ca’ Foscari of Venice and Leibniz Institute of European History, Mainz, for assistance with Google Map embedding

References

1.  HCA 13/73 f.72v
2.  HCA 13/73 f.72v
3. Lucien Wolf, ‘The first English Jew: notes on Antonio Fernandez Caravajal, with some biographical documents,’ TJHSE 2 (1894-1895): 14-48, and Yosef Kaplan, ‘The Jewish profile of the Spanish-Portuguese community of London,’’ Judaism 41 (1992)
4.  HCA 13/73 f.72v

Christopher Myngs, naval officer

This article is the first in an occasional series, which will highlight individual witnesses in the English Admiralty Court (1653-1659).

The records of the English Admiralty court capture an extraordinary social mix.  Much of their interest lies in the paths they offer into otherwise now anonymous lives, a feature they share with the records of London’s criminal court, the Old Bailey.  Yet occasionally witnesses appeared who had a public profile, or who went on to have such a profile.  The thirty-two year old naval officer, Christopher Myngs is one of them.

Christopher Myngs (b.1625, d.1666), English naval officer

See deposition by Christopher Myngs, HCA 13/72 f.163r.  At the time of his deposition Myngs was the thirty-two year old commander of the Marston Moore frigate, which had returned to London after involvement in the English naval assault on Jamaica.

See also HCA 13/72 f.170r for the deposition of John Morris, a 19 year old sailor, of the parish of St. Buttolphs Algate, London, who gives a graphic account of the engagement of the Elizabeth frigate, also commanded by Christopher Myngs, against a large number of Dutch vessels in the first of the Anglo-Dutch naval wars (1653-55).

Morris describes “a fight against  the Dutch at sea wherein the said frigot tooke twenty saile of Dutch or hollanders.”  His is a no holds barred account, dwelling on the valour and wounds of one Thomas Cox:

“a splinter that strooke him on the throat of which hee bled very much and there was much adoe to stench the bleeding, and soe much the more difficult it was, because hee bled inwardly and that in such abundance that hee had much adoe to breathe.”

The same witness gives an eye witness account of Myngs command of the Marston Moore in the West Indies in early 1657 and assault upon Jamaica, in which both Morris and the recovered Thomas Cox took part. He describes a battle to take a town and a castle.

Credits: Christopher Myngs, Sir Peter Lely, oil on canvas,painting 1240 mm x 1017 mm; , 1655-66, National Maritime Museum (from Wikimedia commons)

Cannibal tales

The humple petition of Priscilla Lockier and Sara Spurgeon wifes of Hugh Lockier and George Spurgeon two of the Marriners of the Shipp the Virginia Merchant (whereof John Lockier was Captaine or Commander) is a curious document.1

Written in the formal legal prose of a London solicitor, it is a direct appeal to the justices of the Admiralty Court for the immediate payment of mariners wages. Henry Lockier and George Spurgeon, the womens’ husbands,  had not yet returned from Virginia, whence they shipped in September 1649 from London, and their wives, “having each of them a great Charge of Children to  bring up and maintaine,” were at risk of utter ruin.

At first reading the claims of the two women seem remarkable.

A captain who took on one hundred and sixty passengers in addition to thirty-five crewmen, yet who carried victuals for only six weeks, rather than the usual three months. Men and women consequently suffering famine on board ship, and reduced to paying ten shillings to purchase a single ship’s rat to eat.

Twenty-three men and women abandoned on an island by an inhumane and barbarous Captain, surviving on rain water and tree leaves, till eventually they were reduced to drawing lots as to who should be shot the next day “to serve food for the rest.” 2

The intervention of God causing the “sudden and unexpected fall of a great tree that night which killed two men and a woman of their Company: which the rest of the Company left alive were forced to eate and live upon untill such time as they were by Gods providence releived by the very heathen and by them in Canoes transported over the river to the other side and soe travelled to Virginia by land.” 3


Fanciful tales, or a dramatic statement of facts? 

Unusually for a High Court of Admiralty case, there is an independent account from outside the court, of the voyage of the Virginia Merchant.  The account was written by Colonel Henry Norwood (1615-1689), a passenger on board the same ship, and published shortly after the voyage as ‘A voyage to Virginia.’ 4

Norwood’s account corroborates the broad claims of the petition of Priscilla Lockier and Sara Spurgeon.

Badly damaged by storms, it is clear that famine and death descended upon the ship.  Rations were reduced to half a biscuit per man and woman per day and “the famine grew sharp upon us.5

Norwood even out trumps the petitioners story of the ten shilling rats:

“Women and children made dismal cries and grievous complaints. The infinite number of rats that all the voyage had been our plague, we now were glad to make our prey to feed on; and as they were insnared and taken, a well grown rat was sold for sixteen shillings as a market rate. Nay, before the voyage did end (as I was credibly inform’d) a woman great with child offered twenty shillings for a rat, which the proprietor refusing, the woman died.” 6

Norwood describes a weak Captain, who has become a pawn to the weather and who has lost full control of his crew and despairing passengers. After a meagre Christmas feast, the captain extended Norwood the favour of going in search of water at the bottoms of the empty casks in the hold. Sitting astride on a butt of Malaga in the hold, they took to drinking of the strong waters. The effect on Norwood was to refresh him, yet the captain fell, according to Norwood, into melancholy:

“The poor captain fell to contemplate (as it better became him) our sad condition; and being troubled in mind for having brought so many wretched souls into misery, by a false confidence he gave them of his having a good ship, which he now thought would prove their ruin; and being conscious, that their loss would lie all at his door, it was no easy matter to appease his troubled thoughts. He made me a particular compliment for having engaged me and my friends in the same bottom, and upon that burst into tears. I comforted him the best I could, and told him, We must all submit to the hand of God, and rely on his goodness, hoping, that the same providence which had hitherto so miraculously preserved us, would still be continued in our favour till we were in safety. We retired obscurely to our friends, who had been wondering at our absence.” 7


What of the cannibalism?

Norwood was one the men and women left on an island off the Virginian coast by the Virginia Merchant.

He estimates their number to have been nineteen, rather than the twenty-three of the petition, and describes a meagre diet of an occasional water-fowl, oysters clawed from the shore, supplemented with some sort of weed “some four inches long, as thick as houseleek, and the only green (except pines) that the island afforded. It was very insipid on the palate; but being boiled with a little pepper (of which one had brought a pound on shore) and helped with five or six oysters, it became a regale for every one in turn.” 8

Norwood confirms the eating of human flesh by the survivors, but without the drama of Lockier and Spurgeon’s description of lots being drawn to shoot a colleague for flesh to eat. Indeed, Norwood claims the idea to have been his own firm recommendation to the group.  With an etiquette which may intrigue historians of gender, the women and the men were each to eat their own.

Of the three weak women before-mentioned, one had the envied happiness to die about this time; and it was my advice to the survivors, who were following her apace, to endeavour their own preservation by converting, her dead carcase into food, as they did to good effect. The same counsel was embrac’d by those of our sex: the living fed upon the dead; four of our company having the happiness to end their miserable lives on Sunday night the _ day of January. Their chief distemper, ’tis true, was hunger; but it pleased God to hasten their exit by an immoderate access of cold, caused by a most terrible storm of hail and snow at north-west, on the Sunday aforesaid, which did not only dispatch those four to their long homes, but did sorely threaten all that remained alive, to perish by the same fate. 9


Click here to go to an annotated copy of the petition of Priscilla Lockier and Sara Spurgeon, together with Colonel Henry Norwood’s account of the voyage of the Virginia Merchant and of cannibalism.  Follow the instructions to register and to add your own annotations.


The petition of Prescilla Lockier and Sara Spurgeon, 28th September 1650 10

To the right worshipfull the Judges of the high Court of the Admiraltie:./

The humple petition of Priscilla Lockier and Sara Spurgion wifes of Hugh Lockier and George Spurgeon two of the Marriners of the Shipp the Virginia Merchant (whereof John Lockier was Captaine or Comander./

Sheweth
That the petitioners husbands were hired by the said Captaine Lockier at severall monethly wages to serve in the said shipp for a voyage to be made from this port of London to Virginia and from thense hither backe againe, which service they performed from the 6th of September 1649 untill March last being 6 monethes lacking 4 dayes, but by reason the sayd Shipp was become unserviceable at Virginia your petitioners husbands could not come home in her but are left behind to shift for themselves the said Captaine Lockier and some others coming home as passengers in another Shippe And your petitioners seeing their husbands come not home as they expected demanded their wages of the Captaine for the time they served him, but he denyed to pay the same, for which your petitioners have sued the said Captaine Lockier in the Court And whereas all Masters of Shipps that goe to Virginia use to carry 3 monethes ˹victualls˺ at the least out with them; The sayd Captaine Lockier had not layd in above 6 weekes victualls in his said shipp when she sett saile from Gravesend outward bound; which Mr George Putt cheife Mate and pilot of the said Shippe taking notice of, asked the said Captaine why he had soe slenderly victualled the shipp telling him, it would not serve halfe way; he replyed that he would take in more victualls at the Downes which he did not at all performe notwithstanding there were 35 seaman and above 130 passengers neere upon 200 persons in all in the said Shippe, whereof 62 passengers and 4 Seamen by reason of the want of provisions were starved to death before the shipp came to Virginia.

That within a fortnight next after the said Ship set saile from Gravesend both Seamen and passingers were put to their allowance videlicet the Seamen to two, and the passingers each man to one biskett a day, afterwards to halfe a biskett a day and at length to halfe a pint of parched pease a day betweene 2 men, they having neither beere nor water in the shippe to drincke but what they were Constrayned to drinke of strongwaters of their owne which they Carried with them for adventures: and the famine came soe violently upon them that divers in the said Shippe would willingly have given 10: s for one of the Shipps ratts (which some of the Seamen catched) to have eaten, their being but one small fish of the value of 6: d allowed for a meale to 15 or 20 men:/

That the said Captaine Lockier sett 23 persons ashore upon an unknowne Island to gett freshwater promising to fetch them on board againe: but after they were soe sett on shoare the sayd Captaine Lockier presently carried the Shippe away to Virginia and most in humanely and barbarously left all the said 23 persons in that unknowne place to be starved there noe manner of food to be found soe that they were forced to live a whole 3 weekes with water and the leaves of trees: And at the length the rage and violence of their famine soe much increasing and being not able to eate those leaves and longer they cast lotts which of them should be shott the next day to serve for food for the rest; which was miraculously prevented by the suddaine and unexpected fall of a great tree that night which killed 2 men and a woman of their Company: which the rest of the Company left alive were forced to eate and live upon untill such time as they were by Gods providence XXXXXXXX releived by the very heathen and by them in Canoes transported over the river to the other side and soe travelled to Virginia by land where divers of them dyed as soone as they came thense, and some dyed on that Island by famine./

That the petitioners have spent all they have even their very {XXXX} from under them in prosecution of this suite to gett their wages and are like to be utterly ruined and undone they having each of them a great Charge of Children to bring up and maintaine all which premisses your petitioners are able to prove by the oathes of sufficient witnesses

Your petitioners therefore most humbly pray that your worships would be pleased to take their sad conditions into their your pious and serious Considerations, and to order the sayd Captaine Lockier to pay your petitioners their whole wages due to their husbands forthwith or els to give your petitioners leave to give in an allegation in Court to the effect of the premisses above written: the same being altogether omitted in the allegation given in on your petitioners behalfe; and to produce and examine witnesses thereupon, that soe the iustice of your petitioners Cause and the great wrong they have received may appeare;

And your petitioners as in humble duty
bound shall ever pray etcetera

The marke of P L Prescillia Lockier
The marke of S Sara Sparges./


Footnotes

(1) TNA, HCA 15/5 f.99
(2) TNA, HCA 15/5 f.99
(3) TNA, HCA 15/5 f.99
(4) Colonel Norwood, A Voyage to Virginia (1649), in Tracts and Other Paper Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776, vol. 3 (Gloucester, MA, 1963)
(5) Colonel Norwood, A Voyage to Virginia (1649), in Tracts and Other Paper Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776, vol. 3 (Gloucester, MA, 1963), p. 17)
(6) Colonel Norwood, A Voyage to Virginia (1649), in Tracts and Other Paper Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776, vol. 3 (Gloucester, MA, 1963), p. 17)
(7) Colonel Norwood, A Voyage to Virginia (1649), in Tracts and Other Paper Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776, vol. 3 (Gloucester, MA, 1963), p. 18)
(8) Colonel Norwood, A Voyage to Virginia (1649), in Tracts and Other Paper Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776, vol. 3 (Gloucester, MA, 1963), pp. 23-24)
(9) Colonel Norwood, A Voyage to Virginia (1649), in Tracts and Other Paper Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776, vol. 3 (Gloucester, MA, 1963), pp. 24-25)
(10) TNA, HCA 15/5 f.99

 

Witnesses in Court, 1657-1658

Witnesses deposed in the English Admiralty Court vary greatly in age, occupation and statehood.  The MarineLives annotation project, which kicks off in July, will explore and annotate the lives of roughly two hundred such men and women from the years 1657 and 1658 (HCA 13/72).

The Court’s records provide the testimony of common seamen, shipwrights, and brewers’ clerks, as well as the words of merchants and ship captains.  They document litigation by seamens’ widows to recover their deceased husband’s wages, and the commercial battles of women continuing their husband’s marine supply businesses, long after their husband’s deaths.

The records

Take a look at some of the witness statements by clicking on the links below.

You can search the records for topics of interest using the search box in the top right hand corner of every Annotate HCA 13/72 wiki page.

Each wiki page provides a transcription, together with the opportunity to add notes on people, places, ships, materials and miscellaneous, and to suggest relevant primary and secondary sources.

A high definition digital image of the original manuscript page can be compared with the latest version of the transcription by accessing our transcription software from the wiki page.

 

 

 

If you like what you see, and wish to join us in the collective annotation of these records, please contact us, and we will provide you with a username and password.

These will enable you to add your own annotations and to share research tips with others.


Extract: Alphabetical index of deponents in the High Court of Admiralty, 1656-58


A

[WWW]Haniball Allen of London Merchant aged thirty two yeares
[WWW]Manoel Alverez of the New Market neere Covent Garden Steward of the Portugal Ambassadour, aged 36 yeares


B

[WWW]John Barnett of Ratcliff in the parish of Stepney and County of Middlesex Mariner Steward of the shipp Elizabeth and Mary aged sixtie yeares
[WWW]Thomas Barnes of Ratcliff Mariner aged twenty six yeares
[WWW]Adrian Bastianson of Schernmer Horne neere Amsterdam Mariner one of the company of the said shipp Morning Starr aged 25 yeares
[WWW]Leonard Bates of the parish of Saint Michael Cornehill London Scrivener, aged 34 yeares
[WWW]Marke Bennett of Greenwich in the County of Kent Mariner, aged about 25 yeares
[WWW]Henry Berry of Redriff in the County of Surrey Shipwright, aged 28 yeeres
[WWW]Richard Beswick of Hull mariner, aged 27 yeares
[WWW]Jonathan Bigland of Redriff Shipwright, aged 28 yeares
[WWW]Charles Bradick Master of the Maidstone frigot aged 53 yeeres
[WWW]Thomas Browning of Wapping Mariner, aged 35 yeares
[WWW]John Bryson of the parish of Saint Katherines Coleman in ffanchurch streete London Merchant aged 24 yeeres
[WWW]Edward Buckley of the parish of Saint Olave in Southwarke Mariner aged twenty nyne yeares
[WWW]John Bushell of the parish of Saint Andrew Undershaft London Merchant aged 39. yeares


C

[WWW]Henry Carter servant and Apprentice to Richard Brian of the parish of Saint Mary at hill London Wine Cooper aged 20 yeares
[WWW]Samuell Church of Writtle in Essex Mariner aged twenty sixe yeares
[WWW]ffrederick Claeson of Amsterdam mariner, boatswaine of the said shipp the Morning starr aged 30 yeeres
[WWW]Abraham Clarke of Debtford in Kent shipwright Carpenter of the shipp Unitie the voyage in question aged twenty five yeare
[WWW]Thomas Clarke of Redriff in the County of Surrie Mariner, aged 42 yeeres
[WWW]John Cobb of Rederiffe in the County of Surry Mate in the shipp the Gilbert
[WWW]Thomas Constant of the parish of Saint Nicholas in the Citty of Bristoll Mariner, aged about 25 yeares
[WWW]John Cooke of the parish of White Chappell London Merchant, aged 36 yeeres
[WWW]Stephen Cranbrooke of Deale in the County of Kent Mariner aged 36 yeares


D

[WWW]John Daniel of the citie of London Notary publique aged fourtie yeeres
[WWW]Anthony Deane of Greenwich Shipwright aged 25 yeeres
[WWW]Israel Dennis of Bristol Mariner late masters mate of the shipp the Recovery of Bristoll, aged 33 yeeres
[WWW]Bertrand diX Dibarbore of London Merchant aged nine and twenty yeares
[WWW]Bertrand dibarbore of London Merchant aged 29 yeeres
[WWW]Bertrand Dibarbone of London Merchant aged nine and twenty yeares
[WWW]Francis Dickinson of Horsedowne in the parish of Saint Olaves Southwarke Mariner aged 25 yeares


E

[WWW]Daniel Edwards of London Merchant, aged 42 yeeres


F

[WWW]John ffenner of the parish of White Chappell Turner aged 30 yeeres
[WWW]Nicholas de Ferrari of London Merchant aged 56. yeares
[WWW]Richard fford of London Marchant aged 43 yeeres


G

[WWW]George Gosyde of Amsterdam Mariner, aged 30 yeares
[WWW]Thomas Gowen of Disert in Scotland Mariner aged thirty yeares
[WWW]Thomas Grant of London Mariner aged fifty yeares
[WWW]Thomas Gray of Wapping Boat=swaine of the shipp the Golden ffleece, being produced by Captaine Seaman Captaine of the said Golden ffleece,


H

[WWW]Haie Haies of Marquera in ffreezland Mariner, Schipper of the shipp the Sampson of London, aged 26 yeares
[WWW]Thomas Hanson of the same Mariner, Stiersman of the same vessell aged 24 yeares or thereabouts
[WWW]John Harris of Rie in the County of Sussex Mariner, aged 60 yeeres
[WWW]John Harris of Wapping in the County of Middlesex mariner late Boatswaine of the Christopher the voyage in question aged thirty one yeares
[WWW]William Harris servant of Mr Monger Water Bayliff of the citie of London, aged 48 yeeres
[WWW]Robert Hartley of Bright Hamson in the County of Sussex Mariner, aged 31 yeares
[WWW]Samuell Haughton of the parish of Allhallowes Lombarde streete London Scriverner. aged twenty one yeares
[WWW]Paul Heyn of Christiansand in Norway Mariner Master of the shipp called the Little Lyon now of London, aged 43 yeares
[WWW]Thomas Hicks of London ffishmonger, aged 39 yeeres
[WWW]John Humphreys of Bright Hampson in the County of Sussex Mariner, aged 27 yeares
[WWW]John Hunt of Colchester, Mariner, a foremast man of the Ketch the Bachelor, aged 21: yeeres
[WWW]Richard Hussy of Lymehouse in the parish of Stepney Mariner late Master of the Saint Lucar Marchant aged sixty yeares
[WWW]Robert Hyde of Rederith in the County of Surry Marriner aged 23 yeeres


I

[WWW]Esiah Isbell now of Wapping but late of Kerrey in Ireland Mariner aged 30 yeares
[WWW]Frederick Ixem of London Notary publique


J

[WWW]John Johnson of Madenblick in holland Mariner aged 24 yeares
[WWW]Thomas Johnson of Rotterdam Mariner, aged 40 yeeres
[WWW]Robert Jones of the parish of Saint Mary Maldalen in Surry Marriner, Master of the ship Providence aged 40 yeeres


K

[WWW]Richard Keate of the parish of Saint Mary Overy in Southwarke Mariner aged twenty one yeares
[WWW]Henry Kyne of Wapping in the parishe of Stepney and County of Middlesex Mariner aged nynteene yeares


L

[WWW]William Lee of London Merchant aged 28 yeeres
[WWW]Luke Lilly now of the parish of Saint Austin by Pauls London gentleman late Passenger in the shipp the Gilbert from the Barbados (whereof the sayd William Croford was Master)
[WWW]Abraham da Lima of London Merchant servant of the producent Isaac da Andrada Andrada, aged 24 yeeres
[WWW]Nicholas Lorson of Timsborough in Norway Marchant aged 31 yeeres


M

[WWW]Edward Makkettuer of Wapping in the parish of Stepney Lighterman aged fifty three yeares
[WWW]Henry Man of Enchusen in holland Mariner Carpenter mate of the Negro the voyage in question aged thirty one yeares
[WWW]Baldwin Mathewes of Middleborowe Merchant aged 37 yeares
[WWW]John Maxfeild of the parish of Saint Edmunds the Kinge and Martyr in Lombard Streete London Scrivener aged twenty seaven yeares
[WWW]Richard Megin of Ratcliff in the parish of Stepney Mariner aged thirty two yeares
[WWW]Antonio Martinis da Mesa of Sevile Merchant aged thirtie two
[WWW]Thomas Middleton of Poplar in the parish of Stepney and county of Middlesex Esquire aged 48 yeeres
[WWW]John Moore of the parish of Saint Mary Magdalen Bermondsea Mariner, aged 32 yeares
[WWW]Thomas Morgan of Rederiff in the County of Surrey Mariner Boatswaine of the sayd Shipp the Negro the voyage in question aged thirty fower yeares
[WWW]Richard Morris late of the Barbadoes and now of London Chirurgion aged thirty eight
[WWW]Henry Mudde of Wapping in the parish of Stepney and County of Middlesex Mariner Masters Mate of the Welcombe aged twenty two yeares
[WWW]Captaine Christofer Myngs commander of the Marston Moore frigot in the immediate service of this Commonwealth, aged 32 yeeres


N

[WWW]Thomas Norton of London Packer, aged 37 yeares
[WWW]James Nuthall of the precinct of Saint Katherine neere the Tower of London gentleman aged thirty two yeares


O

[WWW]John Orton of Wapping Wall, Cooke, aged fourtie two yeares


P

[WWW]Mathew Paine of Wapping in the County of Middlesex Mariner, late master of the shipp the Martin ffrigot of Waterford, aged 29 yeeres
[WWW]Francis Pardini of London Merchant aged 36. yeares
[WWW]John Peterson of Amsterdám Marriner Stiersman of the shipp the Morning Starr, aged 27 yeeres
[WWW]John Peterson of the citie of Bristoll Merchant aged 43 yeares
[WWW]Edward Phillips of Debtford Sailer, one of the Company of the Maidstone frigot in the immediate service of this Commonwealth, aged 24 yeeres
[WWW]Hugh Powell of Dukes Place London Merchant aged 49 yeares
[WWW]George Prince of London Merchant Mariner, aged 30 yeeres
[WWW]Peter Proby
[WWW]John Pryenaer of Ostend Mariner aged 44 yeares
[WWW]Charles Pullen of East Cowes in the Ile of Wight Marriner, aged 34 yeeres


Q


R

[WWW]Robert Richbell of Southampton Merchant aged fifty yeeres
[WWW]William Ricks of Shadwell in the parish of Stepney aged about 40ty yeeres
[WWW]Francis Robinson of the parish of Saint Buttolph without Bishopsgate London Merchant, aged 36 yeares
[WWW]Richard Roch of the parish of Saint Trinitie in the Minories London citizen and Merchant tailor of London, aged 60 yeeres
[WWW]Richard Rudstone of Colchester in the County of Essex Mariner Master of the ship Bachelor aged 30 yeeres
[WWW]Edward Ryder of Shadwell in the parish if Stepney and County of Middlesex Long Cutler aged thirty one yeares


S

[WWW]Nicholas Saunders of Truroe in Cornewall Merchant, aged 28 yeeres
[WWW]Rowland Serchfeild of London Merchant
[WWW]Peter Silvester of London Merchant, aged 27 yeeres
[WWW]Thomas Sinnet of the parish of Saint Buttolphs Algate Mariner, aged 40 yeares
[WWW]Peter Smith of BrightHampton in the County of Sussex Sailor, aged 23 yeeres
[WWW]George Steward now of Shadwell but late of Invernesse in Scotland Mariner and Carpenter of the Elizabeth and Mary
[WWW]Cuthbert Stone of Powderam neere Exeter in the County of devon Mariner Gunner of the Elizabeth and Mary aged thirty eight yeares


T

[WWW]Thomas Thompson of Wapping Mariner, aged 35 yeeres
[WWW]Albert Tompson of Delft haven mariner, aged 23 yeeres


U


V

[WWW]William Venus of the parish of Saint Mary Magdalen Bermondsea Shipwright, aged 42 yeeres
[WWW]Samuel Vernon of the same citite Merchant aged 44 yeeres


W

[WWW]George Webber of London Merchant, áged 29 yeeres
[WWW]John Weekes of the same citie servant of Laurence Martel of the citie afore said Merchant aged twenty yeeres
[WWW]George Whillers of Lisbone Merchant, aged about 28 yeeres
[WWW]George Whitlers of Lisbone Merchant aged 28 yeeres
[WWW]Richard Wilde of London merchant, aged 19 yeeres
[WWW]George Wilkinson of Ipswich in Suffolk Marriner late fforemast man of the said ship King David aged 18 yeeres
[WWW]Claes Williams of Amsterdam master of the said shipp Morningstarr, aged 38 yeares
[WWW]Claes Williams of Amsterdám mariner, aged 38 yeeres
[WWW]John Wills of Ratcliff in the parish of Stepney and County of Middlesex Mariner Captaine of the Successe of London aged fifty two yeares
[WWW]Henry Wilson of Greenwich labourer, aged 40 yeeres
[WWW]Captaine Isaac Woodgreene of Wapping Mariner aged 40 yeares
[WWW]Rogert Worthley of XXell in Norfolke Mariner Gunners mate of the Negro the voyage in question aged forty five yeares


X


Y


Z